* Written by Eiji HARA, PPPC President
When we speak of amakudari, we tend to turn attentions toward the
issue in the central government ministries. But similar phenomena do
exist in the local governments. The issues are often said to be
particularly serious in Tokyo, to the extent more serious than in the
Actually, looking at data,
・Most of reemployment of executive officials (higher than
director-level) of Tokyo metropolitan government are undertaken by
the affiliated organizations (for the past one year, among 160
officials, 32 were reemployed by supervised organizations, 16 by
reported organizations, and 39 were recruited by public-interest
・On the contrary, among 1,122 retired high officials (higher than
director-level) of the central government ministries for the past
one year, many found reemployments in private companies or started
their own businesses, and the proportion of reemployment in public
corporations and independent administrative agencies is rather small.
In the background of such gaps, there are differences in the
regulations over amakudari between the central and local governments.
In the central government, the first Abe administration in 2007
passed into legislation the revision to the national public service
act and the following regulations were taken into effect.
・Prohibition on mediation for reemployment
・Restriction on job-application activities, prohibition on lobbying
after being reemployed
・Monitoring by the “Reemployment Oversight Committee”
Subsequently, there were emasculation or adverse-reforms such as
・Basic Guideline for Retirement Management (expansion of dispatch of
・Late-start of the Reemployment Oversight Committee,
However, the regulations do exist in the central government after all.
On the other hand, as for the local government employees, the bill to
revise the local public service act entailing the following measures
was proposed in the same year 2007, but the bill was dropped without
・Measures to ensure that the local governments implement fair
management on retirement.
・Prohibition on lobbying after being reemployed
There have been no legislative discussions on the local public
service act with regard to regulation over amakudari thereafter.
During the time, there was an introduction of regulation which
basically prohibits reemployment of officials in affiliated
organizations through legislation of “Basic Ordinance on Employees”
in Osaka city and prefectural governments. However, there are no such
restrictions in any other local governments including Tokyo.
Unfortunately, the candidates for the February 9 Tokyo gubernatorial
election seem to have relatively low interests on such issues at the
In essence, it is hoped that new governor of Tokyo metropolitan
government will tackle with issues relating with dark parts of the
existing structures of administration irrespective of past practices.
It is highly expected that a new Tokyo governor will cope with such issues.